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Independents: ‘To the Rear of the Back End’

Tino Balio

Tino Balio is Emeritus Professor of Communication Arts at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.The 2001 recipient of the inaugural Academy Film Scholar Grant from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Balio has written widely on the historical development of Hollywoodand the American film industry. He is the author of a two-volume history of United Artists, Grand Design: Hollywood as a Modern Business Enterprise, 1930–1939 (1996), and The Foreign Film Renaissance on American Screens, 1946–1973 (2010). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Hollywood in the New Millennium

British Film Institute, 2013


...The independent film market is headquartered in New York City and is run by numerous small distributors who typically acquire their pictures as pickups at film festivals. The term ‘independent’ has meant different things at different times...